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United Nations has declared the first the decade of the new millennium (2001-2010) as “International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World” by the United Nations General Assembly. This followed an appeal to the World’s heads of states by all the living Nobel Peace Laureated to collective act to reduce global violence and thereby our children’s suffering.

The Objective of the Decade :

At the end on the Decade, before December 31st 2010, an “International Convention on a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the children of the World” should be adopted by consensus at the General Assembly of the United Nations as a constructive sustainable result of the Decade to reduce the suffering of the children which is the final goal of the decade.

The Historical appeal for children signed by all the Nobel Peace Prize Laureates “Today in every single country though the World, many children silently suffering the effects and consequences of violence. The violence takes many different forms: between the children on streets, at school, in family life and in the community. There is physical violence, psychological violence, socio economic, environmental violence and political violence. We wish to contribute to reduce their suffering. We believe that each child can discover by himself that violence is not inevitable. We can offer, hope, not only to the children of the world, but to all of humanity, by beginning to create, and build a new culture of non violence”.

In order to establish this convention with the will of its real implementation, a worldwide consultation and democratic implication of people will be organized during the Decade.

The convention will be the result of a patient democratic process - step by step -from the smallest democratic unit of the human community to each country, unto its main organization of the united nation.

A culture of peace and non-violence can be built only through a democratic process, with the direct and methodical participation of the people without any discrimination of any kind.

The UNICEF and the UNESCO are the main key department to coordinate the activity of the Decade.

As further UN Resolution the eight areas in which actions needed for the transaction to culture and non-violence are.

1.)   Culture of peace and through education.
2.)   Sustainable economic and social development
3.)   Respect for all human right.
4.)   Equality between women and men.
5.)   Democratic participation.
6.)   Understanding, tolerance and solidarity.
7.)   Participatory, communication and the free flow of information and knowledge.
8.)   International peace and security.

The six phases of plan of action for the Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non Violence

Phase 1

Year 2000

Preparatory stage Manifesto 2000 100 million signed manifestos

Phase 2

Year 2001-2002

Information and Consultation Local Level

Phase 3

Year 2003-2004

Experimentation and Teaching

Phase 4

Year 2005

National Level Consultation

Phase 5

Year 2006-2007

Regional level Consultation

Phase 6

Year 2008-2009

International level Consultation

Phase 6

Year 2010

Adoption of International Convention by UN.

Central to the Campaign is our Children’s Educations :

The peace education process to subscribe to the following principles :

  -   Knowing and understanding others and the process of conflict in human kind
   
  -   Respecting human and human rights and developing responsible behavior.
   
  -   Believing in the potential of individuals and groups to make a positive change.
   
  -   Caring for children’s well being by placing them at the center of the community life.
   
  -   Developing a sense of ownership and commitment to peace building in the community.
   
  -   Accepting that violence in habits growth and development in human kind (physical, mentally, spiritually and economically).
   
  -   Accepting that peace is a process and not an absolute state
   
  -   Embracing alternatives to violence and conflicts.
   

The main Aims of the campaign as per UNESCO are :

(1)
To mobilize key stake holder from educational, Government and NGO sectors in promoting  advancement of  Peace and Non-Violence curricular
   
(2)
To integrate the teaching of peace and non-violence practice with in all levels of schools educational systems and others learning institutions Worldwide.
   
(3)
To enhance society’s capacity to build a culture of Peace and Non Violence, thereby improving the well being of children of the World.

The international Decade for the promotion of a culture of peace and non violence by the UN is a historical and Landmark declaration to Phillip to all initiatives in peace and non violence all over the World.

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Famous Surreder "DACOUT" from Chambal Velly in opening peace moment celebration at Madurai for address their past and present life experience
 
ED ASSEFA & CHAIRMAN BASIX alongwith ASSEFA senior staff

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